Vision over 40 – Reading Glasses Make Life Easier

Most people have natural vision changes after they reach age 40.

Eye chart and eyeglasses, Performance Eyecare, Glasses, Designer Frames

The main issue with vision over 40 is presbyopia, which means that you find yourself holding that restaurant menu at arm’s length to see it better. When you begin to see blurry text and have trouble with computer glare it is time to get a good pair of prescription reading glasses.

Presbyopia is normal but progressive. The lens of your eye becomes less flexible and cannot focus on close objects. This is why you are suddenly holding books at a distance. Other issues can be glare or color shade distinction. Presbyopia continues to decline through your 40s and 50s but slows down by age 60.

While it is tempting to buy reading glasses at the dollar store, you will use them daily and need a comfortably fitting frame with a prescription tailored to your eyesight. Also, after age 40 it is best to have a licensed optometrist examine your eyes every two years. They are trained to look for many different kinds of eye problems, not blurry vision. Diabetes, high blood pressure and medications for various other health issues are all linked to vision changes.

Some people who wear single vision glasses balk at the idea of switching to dowdy bifocals. Consider progressive lenses, which look better than bifocals and hide the need to use reading glasses. The lens is made with a seamless integration of distance, middle and near visions. Progressive lenses fit your natural gaze with no jump in vision as you look up and down.

We’d love to talk to you about how to adapt to vision changes after age 40. Contact us to set up an appointment and explore our wide range of eyecare services.

Three Different Eye Diseases Diabetics Need to Watch Out For

People with diabetes are at a greater risk for eye disease.

High glucose levels can damage the blood vessels in the eye, which can lead to vision loss or blindness; many eye diseases have no symptoms in the early stages, so regular eye exams are a must for diabetics.

There are many different eye diseases that can plague the diabetic; this article will focus on three particularly serious eye problems: cataracts, glaucoma, and retinopathy.

Performance eye, diabetes and eye health

Cataracts

Diabetics are 60% more likely to get cataracts, and often at a younger age than people without diabetes. Poor control of blood sugar speeds it up so tight control over your blood sugar and regular eye doctor visits are most important.

Cataracts are cloudy areas that develop within the eye lens, blocking light to the retina where images are processed and making it harder to see. They don’t cause symptoms like pain, redness or tearing. Some might even stay small enough to not affect your eyesight at all.

Large, thick cataracts are generally removed via surgery.

Glaucoma

People with diabetes are 40% more likely to get glaucoma, and the longer you have diabetes the greater your chances are. Glaucoma usually has no symptoms, but it can cause bright halos or colored rings around lights. Left untreated, it can cause an increase in eye pressure damaging the optic nerve. This can result in vision loss and blindness.

Glaucoma can be diagnosed by your ophthalmologist performing these five exams: tonometry (measuring the pressure in your eye), gonioscopy (inspecting your eye’s drainage angle), ophthalmoscopy (inspecting the optic nerve), a field vision test which tests your peripheral vision, and pachymetry, which measures the thickness of your cornea.

Treatment may include eye drops, pills, laser surgery, traditional surgery or a combination of these methods.

Diabetic Retinopathy

Diabetic retinopathy is damage to blood vessels inside the retina caused by blood sugar buildup. During the early stages there is no pain and vision is not likely to change. Over time, the walls of your blood vessels may leak fluid, and blood vessels can form scar tissue and pull the retina away from the back of your eye. This can lead to severe vision loss and possibly even blindness.

Retinopathy is diagnosed during a thorough eye exam using a special dye to find leaking blood vessels.

Treatment in early stages is a laser surgery that seals the blood vessels and stops them from leaking and growing. It can’t restore lost vision, but combined with follow-up care, it can lower the chance of blindness by as much as 90%. Later stage treatment may consist of surgery to remove scar tissue, blood and cloudy fluid from inside the eye, improving vision.

As you can see from these three different eye diseases, keeping control of your blood sugar is most important if you wish to keep your eyesight. Contact us today to find out more about how we can help.

Eye Myths and Facts

Can using someone else’s prescription glasses harm your eyes? Will sitting to close to the television ruin your eyes? Will crossing your eyes to long make them permanently stick like that?! Everyone has heard many eye rumors, many from your parents growing up. The questions everyone has is, are they true? Below is a list of eye myths and facts. I bet you will be shocked by some of them. Don’t be afraid to share this with your parents!

Reading in poor light will hurt the eyes: Before the invention of electric light, most nighttime reading and other work was done by dim candlelight or gaslight. Reading in dim light today won’t harm our eyes any more than it did our ancestors’ eyes or any more than taking a photograph in dim light will damage a camera.

Holding a book too close or sitting too close to the television set is harmful to the eyes: Many children with excellent vision like to hold books very near to their eyes or sit close to the television set. Their youthful eyes focus very well up close, so this behavior is natural to them, and it is safe. Children and adults who are nearsighted might need to get close to a book or television set to see clearly. Doing so does not cause or worsen nearsightedness or any other kinds of eye problem.

Using the eyes too much and “wear them out”: We wouldn’t lose our sense of smell by using our nose too much or our hearing by using our ears too much. The eyes were made for seeing. We won’t lose our vision by using our eyes for their intended purpose.

Wearing eyeglasses that are too strong or have the wrong prescription will damage the eyes: Eyeglasses change the light rays that the eye receives. They do not change any part of the eye itself. Wearing glasses that are too strong or otherwise wrong for the eyes cannot harm an adult’s, although it might result in a temporary headache. At worse, the glasses will fail to correct vision and make the wearer uncomfortable because of blurriness, but no damage to any part of the eye will result.

Wearing eyeglasses will weaken the eyes: The eyeglasses worn to correct nearsightedness, farsightedness, astigmatism, or presbyopia will not weaken the eyes any more than they will permanently “cure” these kinds of vision problems. Glasses are simply external optical aids that provide vision to people with blurred vision caused by refractive errors. Exceptions are the kinds of glasses given to children with crossed eyes (strabismus) or lazy eye (amblyopia). These glasses are used temporarily to help straighten the eyes or improve vision. Not wearing such glasses may lead to permanently defective vision.

Crossing the eyes can make them permanently crossed: Our eye muscles are meant to allow us to move our eyes in many different directions. Looking left, right, up, or down, will not force the eyes to stay permanently crossed. Crossed eyes result from disease, from uncorrected refractive error, or from muscle or nerve damage, not from forcing the eyes into that position.

Having 20/20 vision means that the eyes are perfect: The term “20/20” denotes a person with excellent central vision. But other types of vision-such as side vision, night vision, or color vision might be imperfect. Some potentially blinding eye disease, such as glaucoma or diabetic retinopathy, can take years to develop. During this time, they are harming parts of the inner eye, but the central vision can remain unaffected.

http://mayoclinichealthsystem.org/locations/la-crosse/medical-services/ophthalmology/myths-and-facts

25 Fun and Interesting Facts You Didn’t Know About Your Eyes

 

The eye is a fascinating, powerful part of the human body that is surrounded with legend and awe. It is said that they are the windows to our souls, and in ancient culture, they were symbols of spirituality and wisdom.

Because of technological advances in the field of optometry and ophthalmology, we know more about the eyes now than ever!

How much do YOU know about your eyes? The following 25 facts might surprise you! Read on to find out more!

*Your eyes are comprised of over 2 million working parts to make them fully functional.

*The most active muscles in your entire body are the muscles that control the eyes.

*Human corneas are so similar to shark corneas that they have been used as a replacement in human eye surgery.

*Eyes can process about 36,000 bits of information each hour.

*Our eyes are approximately 1 inch across and weigh about ¼ of an ounce.

*An eye blinks over 10,000,000 times in ONE YEAR!

*Our eyes can distinguish between 500 shades of gray.

*Your pupils change in size in order to allow different amounts of light into the eyes.

*Your eyes started to develop only after two weeks you were conceived.

*Your eyes always remain the same size once you are born, but your ears and nose will never stop growing.

*Babies may cry, but they cannot produce tears when they cry until they are between 1 and 3 months old.

*The older we get, the less amount of tears we produce.

*One in every 12 males is colorblind.

*The leading cause of blindness in the United States is diabetes.

*Those who are blind can see their dreams as long as they weren’t born blind.

*The images that are sent to your brain are actually backwards and upside down.

*Each of your eyes has a small blind spot in the back of the retina where the optic nerve attaches. You don’t notice the hole in your vision, though, because amazingly enough, your eyes work together to help fill in each other’s blind spot!

*Your eyes use about 65% of your brainpower, the most out of ANY body part!

*Every single body part of yours contains blood vessels – every part except for the cornea.

Max Scherzer, pitcher for the Detroit Tigers (and St. Louis native), has heterochromia.

*Some people are born with two differently colored eyes. This condition is known as “heterochromia.” For example, Max Scherzer, pitcher for the Detroit Tigers (and a St. Louis native!), has a brown eye and a blue eye!

*It’s impossible to sneeze with your eyes open (and we wouldn’t recommend trying it).

*Each eyelash has a life span of approximately 5 months.

*It may take time for most of your body to warm up to their full potential every day, but your eyes are ALWAYS on their “A game!”

*Pirates used to wear a gold earring because they believed it would improve their eyesight.

*Doctors have yet to find a way to transplant an eyeball successfully. The optic nerve that connects the eye to the brain is too delicate to successfully reconstruct.

And here’s an extra tip – your eyes are one of the most important parts of your body and should be taken care of properly! So why not provide one of your most important body parts excellent care from Dr. Massie or Dr. Cuff?  Make an appointment today to get your eyes checked and cared for properly! Call Performance Eyecare at (618) 234-3053 or visit our website at www.PerformanceEyecare.com!

25 Fun and Interesting Facts You Didn’t Know About Your Eyes

 

The eye is a fascinating, powerful part of the human body that is surrounded with legend and awe. It is said that they are the windows to our souls, and in ancient culture, they were symbols of spirituality and wisdom.

Because of technological advances in the field of optometry and ophthalmology, we know more about the eyes now than ever!

How much do YOU know about your eyes? The following 25 facts might surprise you! Read on to find out more!

*Your eyes are comprised of over 2 million working parts to make them fully functional.

*The most active muscles in your entire body are the muscles that control the eyes.

*Human corneas are so similar to shark corneas that they have been used as a replacement in human eye surgery.

*Eyes can process about 36,000 bits of information each hour.

*Our eyes are approximately 1 inch across and weigh about ¼ of an ounce.

*An eye blinks over 10,000,000 times in ONE YEAR!

*Our eyes can distinguish between 500 shades of gray.

*Your pupils change in size in order to allow different amounts of light into the eyes.

*Your eyes started to develop only after two weeks you were conceived.

*Your eyes always remain the same size once you are born, but your ears and nose will never stop growing.

*Babies may cry, but they cannot produce tears when they cry until they are between 1 and 3 months old.

*The older we get, the less amount of tears we produce.

*One in every 12 males is colorblind.

*The leading cause of blindness in the United States is diabetes.

*Those who are blind can see their dreams as long as they weren’t born blind.

*The images that are sent to your brain are actually backwards and upside down.

*Each of your eyes has a small blind spot in the back of the retina where the optic nerve attaches. You don’t notice the hole in your vision, though, because amazingly enough, your eyes work together to help fill in each other’s blind spot!

*Your eyes use about 65% of your brainpower, the most out of ANY body part!

*Every single body part of yours contains blood vessels – every part except for the cornea.

Max Scherzer, pitcher for the Detroit Tigers (and St. Louis native), has heterochromia.

*Some people are born with two differently colored eyes. This condition is known as “heterochromia.” For example, Max Scherzer, pitcher for the Detroit Tigers (and a St. Louis native!), has a brown eye and a blue eye!

*It’s impossible to sneeze with your eyes open (and we wouldn’t recommend trying it).

*Each eyelash has a life span of approximately 5 months.

*It may take time for most of your body to warm up to their full potential every day, but your eyes are ALWAYS on their “A game!”

*Pirates used to wear a gold earring because they believed it would improve their eyesight.

*Doctors have yet to find a way to transplant an eyeball successfully. The optic nerve that connects the eye to the brain is too delicate to successfully reconstruct.

And here’s an extra tip – your eyes are one of the most important parts of your body and should be taken care of properly! So why not provide one of your most important body parts excellent care from Dr. Massie or Dr. Cuff?  Make an appointment today to get your eyes checked and cared for properly! Call Performance Eyecare at (618) 234-3053 or visit our website at www.PerformanceEyecare.com!